Strategic ozone sounding networks: Review of design and accomplishments

Thompson, A. M., S. Oltmans, D. W. Tarasick, P. von der Gathen, H. G. J. Smit, and J. Witte (2011), Strategic ozone sounding networks: Review of design and accomplishments, Atmos. Environ., 45, 2145-2163, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.05.002.

Ozone soundings are used to integrate models, satellite, aircraft and ground-based measurements for better interpretation of ozone variability, including atmospheric losses (predominantly in the stratosphere) and pollution (troposphere). A well-designed network of ozonesonde stations gives information with high vertical and horizontal resolution on a number of dynamical and chemical processes, allowing us to answer questions not possible with aircraft campaigns or current satellite technology. Strategic ozonesonde networks are discussed for high, mid- and low latitude studies. The Match sounding network was designed specifically to follow ozone depletion within the polar vortex; the standard sites are at middle to high northern hemisphere latitudes and typically operate from December through mid-March. Three mid-latitude strategic networks (the IONS series) operated over North America in JulyeAugust 2004, MarcheMay and August 2006, and April and June-July-2008. These were designed to address questions about tropospheric ozone budgets and sources, including stratosphereetroposphere transport, and to validate satellite instruments and models. A global network focusing on processes in the equatorial zone, SHADOZ (Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes), has operated since 1998 in partnership with NOAA, NASA and the Meteorological Services of host countries. Examples of important findings from these networks are described.

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Upper Atmosphere Research Program (UARP)