Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: Instruments,...

Dubovik, O., Z. Li, M. Mishchenko, D. Tanré, Y. Karol, B. Bojkov, B. Cairns, D. Diner, W. R. Espinosa, P. Goloub, X. Gu, Otto Hasekamp, J. Hong, W. Hou, K. Knobelspiesse, J. Landgraf, L. Li, P. Lytvynov, Y. Liu, A. Lopatin, T. Marbach, H. Maring, V. Martins, Y. Meijer, G. Milinevsky, S. Mukai, F. Parol, Y. Qiao, L. Remer, J. Rietjens, I. Sano, P. Stammes, S. Stamnes, X. Sun, P. Tabary, L. D. Travis, F. Waquet, F. Xu, C. Yan, and D. Yin (2019), Polarimetric remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols: Instruments, methodologies, results, and perspectives, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 224, 474-511, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2018.11.024.

Polarimetry is one of the most promising types of remote sensing for improved characterization of atmospheric aerosol. Indeed, aerosol particles constitute a highly variable atmospheric component characterized by a large number of parameters describing particle sizes, morphologies (including shape and internal structure), absorption and scattering properties, amounts, horizontal and vertical distribution, etc. Reliable monitoring of all these parameters is very challenging, and therefore the aerosol effects on climate and environment are considered to be among the most uncertain factors in climate and environmental research. In this regard, observations that provide both the angular distribution of the scattered atmospheric radiation as well as its polarization state at multiple wavelengths covering the UV–SWIR spectral range carry substantial implicit information on the atmospheric composition. Therefore, high expectations in improving aerosol characterization are associated with detailed passive photopolarimetric observations.

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Radiation Science Program (RSP)