Cold Pool-Land Surface Interactions in a Dry Continental Environment

Grant, L., and S. van den Heever (2018), Cold Pool-Land Surface Interactions in a Dry Continental Environment, J. Adv. Modeling Earth Syst., 10, 1513-1526, doi:10.1029/2018MS001323.

Cold pools influence convective initiation and organization, dust lofting, and boundary layer properties, but little is known about their interactions with the land surface, particularly in dry continental environments. In this study, two-way cold pool-land surface interactions are investigated using high-resolution idealized simulations of an isolated, transient cold pool evolving in a dry convective boundary layer. Results using a fully interactive land surface demonstrate that sensible heat fluxes are suppressed at the center of the cold pool but enhanced at the edge due to the spatial patterns of land surface cooling and the air temperature and wind speed perturbations. This leads to cold pool dissipation from the edge inward. Latent heat fluxes are primarily suppressed within the cold pool, and the magnitude of this suppression is controlled by competition between atmospheric and land surface effects. By comparing the fully interactive land surface simulation to a simulation with imposed surface fluxes, the land surface-cold pool feedbacks are shown to reduce the cold pool lifetime, extent, and intensity by up to 50% and influence the pattern of boundary layer turbulent kinetic energy recovery, which have significant implications for cold pool-induced convective initiation.

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