Rates and Mechanisms for the Reactions of Chlorine Atoms with Iodoethane and...

Orlando, J. J., C. A. Piety, J. M. Nicovich, M. L. McKee, and P. Wine (2005), Rates and Mechanisms for the Reactions of Chlorine Atoms with Iodoethane and 2-Iodopropane, J. Phys. Chem. A, 109, 6659-6675, doi:10.1021/jp051715x.

The reaction of Cl atoms with iodoethane has been studied via a combination of laser flash photolysis/ resonance fluorescence (LFP-RF), environmental chamber/Fourier transform (FT)IR, and quantum chemical techniques. Above 330 K, the flash photolysis data indicate that the reaction proceeds predominantly via hydrogen abstraction. The following Arrhenius expressions (in units of cm3 molecule-1 s-1) apply over the temperature range 334-434 K for reaction of Cl with CH3CH2I (k4H) and CD3CD2I (k4D): k4H ) (6.53 ( 3.40) × 10-11 exp[-(428 ( 206)/T] and k4D ) (2.21 ( 0.44) × 10-11 exp[-(317 ( 76)/T]. At room temperature and below, the reaction proceeds both via hydrogen abstraction and via reversible formation of an iodoethane/ Cl adduct. Analysis of the LFP-RF data yields a binding enthalpy (0 K) for CD3CD2I‚Cl of 57 ( 10 kJ mol-1. Calculations using density functional theory show that the adduct is characterized by a C-I-Cl bond angle of 84.5°; theoretical binding enthalpies of 38.2 kJ/mol, G2′[ECP(S)], and 59.0 kJ mol-1, B3LYP/ECP, are reasonably consistent with the experimentally derived result. Product studies conducted in the environmental chamber show that hydrogen abstraction from both the -CH2I and -CH3 groups occur to a significant extent and also provide evidence for a reaction of the CH3CH2I‚Cl adduct with CH3CH2I, leading to CH3CH2Cl formation. Complementary environmental chamber studies of the reaction of Cl atoms with 2-iodopropane, CH3CHICH3, are also presented. As determined by relative rate methods, the reaction proceeds with an effective rate coefficient, k6, of (5.0 ( 0.6) × 10-11 cm3 molecule-1 s-1 at 298 K. Product studies indicate that this reaction also occurs via two abstraction channels (from the CH3 groups and from the -CHI- group) and via reversible adduct formation.

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Upper Atmosphere Research Program (UARP)